This page includes a curated list of resources about attacks on education, education in emergencies, and related topics from various education, development, humanitarian, and human rights organizations, as well as from academic researchers. It is intended to be a resource bank of advocacy, research, and response articles, reports, books, websites, datasets, and other relevant materials.
This book aims to address three main questions: what are the obligations of officers of national armed forces in relation to children, either civilians or combatants, whom they or those under their command may encounter while participating in situations of armed conflict? How realistic and achievable are these obligations? How can compliance with them be encouraged, monitored, and/or enforced?
The objectives of the WEI program are to: explore education indicator methodologies; reach consensus on a set of common policy concerns amenable to cross-national comparison and agree upon a set of key indicators that reflect these concerns; review methods and data collection instruments needed to develop these measures; and set the direction for further developmental work and analysis beyond this initial set of indicators.
This book reviews the rapid development of international criminal law, and explores solutions to key problems of official immunities, universal jurisdiction, the International Criminal Court, and the stance of the United States, seeking to clarify how justice can best be done in a system of sovereign States.
This textbook on the law of international armed conflict, focuses on recent issues arising in the course of hostilities between States, it explores the dividing line between lawful and unlawful combatants, the meaning of war crimes and command responsibility, the range of prohibited weapons, the distinction between combatants and civilians, the parameters of targeting and proportionality, the loss of protection from attack (including 'direct participation in hostilities') and special protection (granted, pre-eminently, to the environment and to cultural property).
This article discusses what the inter-American system for the protection of human rights is, what has been learned from the history of the system, how states have been compliant and non-compliant, and finally what recommendations can be made towards it.
This article reviews national and international laws and mechanisms relating to reparations for such violations, revealing that while a right to reparation is generally accepted, in the absence of specific mechanisms – usually found at the international level – individual victims are unable to enforce their rights and remain without redress.
This journal article examines the normative and structural framework of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, highlighting its unique strengths and weaknesses within the broader African human rights context.
At a time when international armed conflicts are vastly outnumbered by domestic disputes, this book seeks to redress the balance through a comprehensive analysis of those rules which exist in international law to protect civilians during internal armed conflict.
This thoroughly revised edition of a standard work on the European Social Charter of 1961 describes and analyzes the amended Charter of 1996 and the Optional Protocol of 1995, with detailed attention to the jurisprudence of the independent Committee of Experts under those revised instruments.
This journal article is a commentary on the report to the prosecutor of the ICTY that concluded there was no sufficient reason to institute proceedings against persons responsible for the NATO bombing campaign against Yugoslavia.
This journal article reviews the subsequent developments in codification and practice since the Hague Peace Conference of 1899, that have molded the present (1999) laws applicable to the conduct of armed conflict and identifies those aspects of the law that are most in need of further development in the early years of the net century.
This book, which can be used as a text for teaching purposes, gives a fascinating, and authoritative treatment of both the rights protected by the Inter-American system and of the way in which its institutions work.
This article analyzes the gaps and weaknesses in the various sources of ICL norms and enforcement modalities, while suggesting the importance to motivate governments to incorporate the obligations derived from jus
cogens crimes described into their national laws as well as to urge their expanded use in the practice of states.
This article questions the universality of the human rights corpus and argues that a human rights doctrine that is legitimate across cultures and traditions is not possible without the participation of the wider globe, specifically Africa.