This page includes a curated list of resources about attacks on education, education in emergencies, and related topics from various education, development, humanitarian, and human rights organizations, as well as from academic researchers. It is intended to be a resource bank of advocacy, research, and response articles, reports, books, websites, datasets, and other relevant materials.
Global Education Monitoring Report Team | 2011
After documenting the process and activities of successful local initiatives, consultations were carried out to develop the Schools as Zones of Peace (SZOP) National Framework, aimed to develop a national policy for establishing all schools as Zones of Peace by keeping them free from political and other interference – discrimination, violence, corporal punishment, neglect and exploitation.
Save The Children
This fully revised fourth edition of "Constraints on the Waging of War" considers the development of the principal rules of international humanitarian law from their origins to the present day.
Kalshoven, Fritz | 2011
International Committee of the Red Cross
The material in this book is intended to give a clear understanding of contemporary international human rights law as it applies to, and has been interpreted in, situations of armed conflict and counter-terrorism measures.
Doswald-Beck, Louise | 2011
This book examines the notion of state jurisdiction in human rights treaties, and places it within the framework of international law.
Milanović, Marko | 2011
The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011) provides a comprehensive framework for organizing education programs and qualification by applying uniform and internationally agreed definitions to facilitate comparisons of education systems across countries.
This report describes the causes and consequences of violent attacks on education as well as preventative and restorative measures to take to protect students, teachers, and schools.
Coursen-Neff, Zama; Sheppard, Bede | 2011
Human Rights Watch
Through analysis of legislative and judicial actions in a selection of Muslim and non-Muslim States in relation to the rights of the child in criminal matters, this study aims to identify possible harmonization between the obligations of the international human rights law (e.g. the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child) and the criminal justice systems within each State, particularly Islamic law (Sharia).
Abiad, Nisrine et al. | 2010
This book explores the development of international human rights law over the last six decades (2010) by bringing together leading experts to reflect on different aspects of human rights law, not only considering and evaluating the developments so far, but also identifying relevant problems and proposing relevant possible perspectives for the continued positive future development of human rights law.
Baderin, Mashood et al. | 2010
Symposium: The Relationship between International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law
In this journal article, the author describes the relationship between international humanitarian law and international human rights law, exposing the nuances and the controversy of their applications.
Eden, Paul et al. | 2010
This article analyzes the International Committee of the Red Cross' "Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities under International Humanitarian Law" and its implications.
Akande, Dapo | 2010
This market-leading textbook gives an authoritative account of international criminal law, and focuses on what the student needs to know - the crimes that are dealt with by international courts and tribunals as well as the procedures that police the investigation and prosecution of those crimes.
Cryer, Robert | 2010
This chapter of "Human Rights Regimes in the Americas" explains the unique vantage point of the Americas to analyze foreign nations' governments and attention to human rights.
Engstrom, Par | 2010
This article to attempts to explain the defined requirements of military necessity and their implications in regard to international humanitarian and criminal law.
Hayashi, Nobuo | 2010
International Humanitarian Law and Bombing Campaigns: Legitimate Military Objectives and Excessive Collateral Damage
This selection discusses the collateral civilian casualties resulting from bombing campaigns.
Byron, Christine | 2010
This article argues that the notion of ‘belonging to a Party’ to an international armed conflict under Article 4A(2) of the Third Geneva Convention is a necessarily low-threshold requirement.
Del Mar, Katherine | 2010
This Article considers the impact, or tremors, of paragraph 70 of the decision on interlocutory appeal on jurisdiction of the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in Prosecutor v. Tadić, which was delivered in October 1995.
Kritsiotis, Dino | 2010
This article considers the provision of the Statute of the Court from the optic of generality, and assesses the extent to which this might affect our understanding of how notions of consent and consensus impact and should impact the making of public international law.
Kritsiosis, Dino | 2010
UNESCO has commissioned a series of publications to enhance global understanding of the nature, scope, motives and impact of attacks on education and of the work that is being done by communities, organizations and governments to prevent and respond to such violence.
Alexander, Jessica et al. | 2010
This report details the substantial ways improving access to education can have a significant positive impact on the Millenium Development Goals.
This article explores the question of limitations to and derogations from economic, social and cultural rights.
Müller, Amrei | 2009
This textbook aims to be a best practice manual to assist scholars and practitioners worldwide with international humanitarian law.
Fleck, Dieter | 2009
This article describes the Inter-American system of human rights protection focusing mainly on the roles of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
González, Felipe | 2009
Systematic Review of Evidence and Treatment Approaches: Psychosocial and Mental Health Care for Children in War
The two aims of this study were to provide an overview of the evidence-base for mental health and psychosocial treatment for children and adolescents in areas affected by violence and to synthesize treatment descriptions and recommendations in order to summarize trends, including the non-researched, practical and grassroots context.
Jordans, Mark et al. | 2009
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among children affected by war using a systematic review and meta-regression analysis.
Attanayake, Vindya; et al. | 2009
ICRC Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities under International Humanitarian Law
This report aims to clarify the meaning and consequences of direct participation in hostilities under international humanitarian law (IHL).
Melzer, Nils | 2009
International Committee of the Red Cross
The Collective Complaints System of the European Social Charter: Interpretative Methods of the European Committee of Social Rights
This article examines the processes and effectiveness of the collective complaints system of the European social charter.
Cullen, Holly | 2009
This title provides comprehensive guidance on the practice, procedure, and rules of evidence applicable to all international criminal courts.
Khan, Karim et al. | 2009
This book gives an exhaustive overview and analysis of the legal framework and judicial practice relating to the use of lethal force by States against selected individuals
Melzer, Nils | 2008
This book explores the problematic definition of torture in the UN Convention Against Torture, the substantive obligations of Sates parties, the principle of "non-refoulement", provisions for international monitoring, and the concept of preventative visits to all places of detention as contained in the Optional Protocol to the Convention.
Nowak, Manfred; Mcarthur, Elizabeth | 2008
In this opinion piece, the ICRC presents the prevailing legal opinion on the definition of "international armed conflict" and "non-international armed conflict" under International Humanitarian Law.
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict: International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law
This article examines the ways in which international law protects economic, social and cultural rights in times of armed conflict.
Mottershaw, Elizabeth | 2008
The Past as Prologue: The Development of the ‘‘Direct Participation’’ Exception to Civilian Immunity
This article traces the historical factors and trends which influenced the development of the ‘direct participation’ exception in its current form, revealing a tendency towards ‘humanizing’ the law in favour of civilians, notwithstanding their increased military value.
Camins, Emily | 2008
An in-depth analysis on belligerent occupation.
Benvenisti, Eyal | 2008
This chapter of The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law is an examination and analysis of "military necessity" and its various definitions and interpretations.
Dinstein, Yoram | 2008
This book provides a modern and basic introduction to the law of armed conflict, constantly gaining in importance in international life, namely international humanitarian law.
Hyde, Richard et al. | 2008
This research, undertaken from a comparative perspective with a view to identifying any patterns followed by Islamic countries in making declarations and reservations to the main international human rights treaties, seeks to measure and analyze to what extent Sharia affects the ratification and implementation of human rights norms by Muslim States.
Abiad, Nasrine | 2008
The author analyses the question of in which situations either international humanitarian law or international human rights law is more specific and considers the procedural dimension of this interplay, in particular concerning the rules governing investigations into alleged violations, court access for alleged victims and reparations for wrongdoing.
Droege, Cordula | 2008
In this speech delivered at the conference honoring Professor Dugard, President Higgins discusses various human rights issues that have come before the International Court of Justice, including self-determination, reservations to human rights treaties, the application of human rights instruments to occupied territories, and allegations of genocide by one state against another.
Higgins, Rosalyn | 2007
This article is a response to the United States' comments on the study on customary international humanitarian law carried out by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Henckaerts, Jean-Marie | 2007
This book discusses the ICRC Study on Customary International Humanitarian Law, its methodology and its rules and provides a critical analysis of them, as well as adds its own contribution to scholarship on the interpretation and application of international humanitarian law.
A global study on targeted political and military violence against education staff, students, teachers, union and government officials, and institutions.
O'Malley, Brendan | 2007
Responsibility beyond Borders: State Responsibility for Extraterritorial Violations by Corporations of International Human Rights Law
This article investigates the extent to which the extraterritorial activities of transnational corporations (TNCs) that violate international human rights law can give rise to home state responsibility.
McCorquodale, Robert et al. | 2007
This textbook aims to provide the student and practitioner with a full understanding of treaty law and updates existing information and refines previous arguments from its first edition.
Aust, Anthony | 2007
This document brings together the current (2007) thinking and practice on human rights-based approaches in the education sector.
United Nations Children's Fund | 2007
Unequal before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction between International and Non-international Armed Conflicts
This article examines the possibility of creating a law of armed conflict that could be uniformly applied to both international and non-international armed conflict.
Crawford, Emily | 2007
A US government response to the International Committee of the Red Cross study Customary International Humanitarian Law
This report contains the US government's concerns, comments, and suggestions regarding the Customary International Humanitarian Law and the study carried out by the ICRC around it.
Bellinger III, John et al. | 2007
This chapter of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Action describes the history of the drafting of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), and sets out some of the core conceptual debates about economic, social, and cultural rights (ESC rights), including their justiciability and the nature of the relevant legal obligations.
Baderin, Mashood et al. | 2007
The Protection of the Right to Education by International Law: Including a Systematic Analysis of Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
This book seeks to affirm education as a “human right” and to describe the various state duties flowing from the right to education.
Beiter, Klaus D. | 2006
This book presents an approach to human rights that goes beyond the traditional focus on states and outlines the human rights obligations of non-state actors and addresses some of the ways in which they can be held legally accountable in various jurisdictions.
Clapham, Andrew | 2006